Lessons learned from the tiger translocation and release in Tambling, Lampung, Indonesia
Tiger translocation and release is considered an option to resolve human-tiger conflicts. This paper describes the process of translocation of Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrensis) from Banda Aceh to Bandar Lampung and release in Tambling Wildlife Nature Reserve, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park. Following a rehabilitation process, five tigers were translocated of which two males were equipped with radio-collared transmitters. All five tigers were successfully released into their new habitat. From this study, we learned that (1) a strong collaboration of various stakeholders is crucial, (2) translocation and release program required a huge amount of funding, (3) experienced tiger handlers during transport and rehabilitation are extremely important, (4) support in scientific research for practical application in the field is essential (5) tiger release need to be accompanied by an awareness program to the surrounding community, (6) guidelines and protocols of transportation, rehabilitation, release, and post-release must be in place before release.